INOVASI LAYANAN PERSIAPAN PERSALINAN (EDUKASI DAN SENAM HAMIL) PADA IBU HAMIL DI WILAYAH KERJA UPT PUSKESMAS ALAS BARAT KABUPATEN SUMBAWA

Authors

  • Fitri Setianingsih Universitas Teknologi Sumbawa
  • Ayuning Atmasari Universitas Teknologi Sumbawa
  • Taryono Universitas Teknologi Sumbawa

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36761/jt.v5i2.1117

Keywords:

Ibu Hamil Ibu Brsalin Edukasi Senam Hamil Inovasi

Abstract

The labor process is influenced by three factors, namely Passage (birth canal), Passanger (fetus), Power (strength). Childbirth can run normally if all three factors are met properly. In addition, there are other factors that affect the delivery process, namely psychological and helper. Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) can be reduced by various efforts, both promotive and preventive, by providing education in preparation for childbirth. This education can be an alternative for pregnant women to find out the extent of maternal and fetal development, increase maternal independence and train coping management for maternal stressors. Pregnancy exercise is a form of coping method that can avoid the occurrence of physical stress due to pregnancy, such as reducing leg and back cramps, increasing the mother's ability to adapt to changes in her body. This study aims to identify the effect of labor preparation services (pregnancy education and exercise) on the preparation for delivery of pregnant women in the working area of ??the UPT Puskesmas Alas Barat. Pre-experimental research design with one group pretest-post test design. The instrument used for data collection is a questionnaire. Testing the instrument using the product moment person validity test and reliability test. The analysis used is simple linear regression with the number of respondents as many as 102 pregnant women. The results showed that the regression significance value of the delivery preparation service variable (pregnancy education and exercise) on the preparation for delivery of pregnant women was 0.000 or less than 0.05. The hypothesis which states that delivery preparation services (pregnancy education and exercise) has an effect on preparation for delivery of pregnant women (accepted). Based on the results of this study, it can be suggested that pregnant women play an active role in participating in activities during pregnancy so that mothers have knowledge about the needs during pregnancy, especially preparation for childbirth so as to minimize emergencies to the mother and fetus during the delivery process.

References

REFERENSI

Depkes R.I. (2009) Pedoman Program Perencanaan Dan Pencegahan Komplikasi (P4K) dengan stiker. 2009. 2009:12 of 50. Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Sumbawa. (2018). Profil Kesehatan Kabupaten Sumbawa Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Barat. Gebre, M., Gebremariam, A., and Abebe, T. A. (2015). Birth Preparedness and Complication Readiness among Pregnant Women in Duguna Fango District , Wolayta Zone , 103, 1–12. Hailu, M., Gebremariam, A., Alemseged, F., and Deribe, K. (2011). Birth Preparedness and Complication Readiness among Pregnant Women in Southern Ethiopia. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3120869/pdf/pone.0021432.pdf diakses 19 juni 2020. Husna, Sundari. (2015). Persiapan Persalinan Ibu Hamil Ditinjau Dari Jumlah Persalinan Dan Jumlah Kunjungan Kehamilan. Dinamika Kesehatan Vol.6 No. 1 Juli 2015. file:///C:/Users/asus/Downloads/86-133-1SM%20(1).pdf diakses 19 Juni 2020.

Irianti B, Halida EM, Duhita F. (2014). Asuhan Kehamilan Berbasis Bukti : Jakarta:Sagung Seto. Kabakyenga, J. K., Östergren, P., Turyakira, E., and Pettersson, K. O. (2011). Knowledge of obstetric danger signs and birth preparedness practices among women in rural Uganda https://reproductive-health journal.biomedcentral.com/track/pdf/10.1186/ 1742-4755-8-33 diakses 20 juni 2020 Kementrian Kesehatan RI. 2011. Informasi Jampersal (Buku Saku jampersal). Pusat Promosi Kesehatan : Jakarta. Mubarak, Wahit Iqbal. (2012). Promosi Kesehatan Untuk Kebidanan. Jakarta: Salemba Medika Notoatmodjo. (2011). Kesehatan Masyarakat: Ilmu dan Seni. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta. Putranti, V. (2014). Hubungan Pengetahuan dan Sikap Tentang Persalinan Dengan Kesiapan Primigravida Menghadapi Persalinan. Tesis. Surakarta : Universitas Sebelas Maret. Rafika, (2028). Efektifitas Prenatal Yoga terhadap Pengurangan Keluhan Fisik pada Ibu Hamil Trimester III. Jurnal Kesehatan Volume 9, Nomor 1, April 2018 ISSN 2086-7751 (Print), ISSN 2548-5695. http://ejurnal.poltekkestjk.ac.id/index.php/JK diakses 20 juni 2020 Sumiati dkk (2015). Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Kesiapan Ibu Hamil Dalam Menghadapi Persalinan Di Ruang Bersalin Rumah Sakit Umum Labuang Baji Makassar. Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Diagnosis Vol. 5, No. 6 tahun 2015. https://jurnalstikesnh.files.wordpress.com/201 6/11/5615713719_2302-1721.pdf diakses 12 Mei 2020 Rohani. (2011). Asuhan Kebidanan Pada Masa Persalinan. Jakarta : Salemba Medika Walyani & Purwoastuti. (2015). Asuhan Kebidanan, persalinan dan bayi baru lahir. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Barupess. Walyani, Elisabeth Siwi (2015). Asuhan Kebidanan Pada Kehamilan. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Barupess. Wijaya, D. E., Rillyani, Wandini, R., & Wardiyah, A. (2015). Pengaruh Pendampingan Suami Terhadap Lamanya Persalinan Kala II di Ruang Delima RSUD DR.H. Abdul Moeloek Lampung. Jurnal Keperawatan, 6, 6-14. World Health Statistics. (2017). https://www.who.int/gho/publications/world _health_statistics/2017/EN_WHS2017_Part 1.pdf?ua=1

Published

2021-07-21

Issue

Section

Articles